INTERMITTENT REINFORCEMENT AND RESISTANCE TO EXTINCTION

By Blog, Uncategorized

A lot of families call me to help them when intermittent reinforcement methods are not working. This study may shed light on the situation. One of the useful principles discovered by behavioral psychologists is that intermittent reinforcement increases resistance to extinction. The word intermittent means not every time. Intermittent reinforcement contrasts with continuous reinforcement. Under conditions of continuous reinforcement, the organism is reinforced every time it makes the required response. What effects do continuous and intermittent reinforcement have upon speed of extinction? Why? For example, under continuous reinforcement, every time the rat hits the bar, it receives a food pellet. Under intermittent reinforcement, the rat might be required to hit the bar 50 times to get the pellet, or the rat might be reinforced only once every five minutes, or the rat might be reinforced only when you are in the room, or in accordance with some other pattern, but…

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What is a sanctimommy?

By Blog, Uncategorized

“The sanctimommy knows how you should raise your children. Specifically, she knows what foods they should eat, what toys they should be allowed to play with; heck, sanctimommy even knows how you should have given birth…”  (Source unknown) Do you have any of these in your life? It used to be that one only had to side step topics on politics and religion in certain conversations to keep peace. Today, there is so much sanctimonious judgment from parents and even maternity and parenting practitioners that we can probably add “parenting” to this list as well. New moms confide in me constantly how they feel overwhelming judgment from lactation consultants to doulas, and preschool teachers to other parents. My biggest concern with this is that it chips away at the one thing all parents need in a healthy society. Confidence. Without confidence we cannot safely lead our children. Nor can we…

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Self-check: Are you an overindulgent parent?

By Blog, Uncategorized

Time for another Jenni June self-check!  I love and hate this one… I have to perform this self-evaluation more than I’d like to admit, and you may too, once we lift the veil on the causes and excuses of overindulgent parenting. We tend to think that overindulgence happens when we are overcome with love for our children and want to go above and beyond to put a smile on their face.  The truth is, the ‘spoiling’ comes as a result of fear, lack of understanding, parenting tools, or preoccupation with other areas of our fast-paced, demanding lives.  This is then where guilt plays its role and adds to the reasons we give in, ignore teachable moments, or do or buy anything to make ourselves and our kids feel better…temporarily. Here are some other reasons why we overindulge our children: 1.  Concern of negative effects on child’s self-esteem.  Bogus! If anything…

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Attention! Sleep Deprived Parents…

By Blog, Uncategorized

The effects of sleep deprivation on adults is pretty sobering and if you are getting fragmented sleep at night, due to being woken by your sleep deprived baby or child, you will notice these symptoms taking their toll on your job and parenting performance. a)      Impaired decision making- logical/calculating b)      Impaired planning ability c)      Memory loss- short term (the kind that counts on the job!) d)      Lower stress tolerance/threshold (a big negative in parenting!) e)      Trouble concentrating f)       Decreased optimism and sociability g)      Impaired creativity and innovation h)      Increased food consumption and appetite i)        Anxiety j)        Higher resting blood pressure k)      Increased risk of pregnancy complications l)        Increased risk of premature delivery m)   Newborn health complications n)      Post partum depression Ask yourself this question… If this is what sleep deprivation does to the adult brain and its neurons, what does it do to a child’s, whose brain is still developing? …

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What Children Need From Parents: Beware the Extinction Burst!

By Blog, Uncategorized

By Dr. Gerald Stein Popular culture gives us just enough information to be confused. Not surprisingly, many parents who have never taken a psychology course know that it is important to set limits on their children and to be consistent in enforcing those limits. Despite this, a good many parents don’t have the strength of will to withstand the repeated pleading of their kids, or the energy to do so. If your child wants you to buy him a candy bar or a toy while you are in the store, many parents believe that it is simply easier to give in than to listen to the endless entreaties of their offspring. In some cases it can be too exhausting or overwhelming to have to deal with a persistent child, in other instances the parent might fear losing the child’s affection if the desired treat isn’t forthcoming, and in still other…

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Mothers Are Losing Their Instincts

By Blog, Uncategorized

The parent culture has changed dramatically in the last 15-20 years since raising my own four children. As a professional consultant, educator and coach, my job and my goal is to guide and support new parents. This business never would have made it fifteen years ago, but it’s thriving today. Why is this? In spite of all of the advances in care, baby gear, safety standards, and education resources for parents today, I think they (especially mothers) have it much more difficult than my mother, my grandmother, or I did. The new and greatest threat and challenge to new and expecting moms today is too much information. A mother can’t develop her own instincts for her child if every time she turns on the TV, computer, iPhone, or even heads out the door to her Mommy and Me group, she is frightened, confused, shamed, and bombarded with 200 different opinions…

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A lifetime of suffering for sleep deprived kids

By Blog, Uncategorized

The foundation for healthy sleep habits needs to be taught in infancy. When we wait too long to recognize, respect, and respond to our children’s need for sleep early on, things can quickly spiral out of control even before a child’s first birthday. We are noticing rampant rates of ADHD and Autism spectrum disorders being diagnosed in little ones as young as 3 years old, as sleep deprived parents are unable to recognize sleep deprivation in their own children. Realize that the timing of sleep is more important than the amount. A qualified child sleep consultant can help you get your child the deep restorative sleep they need. It’s not about sleeping in, or catching an ill-timed nap. This is junk sleep. And just as you wouldn’t feed your kids junk food, we don’t want to feed them junk sleep. Jet lag syndrome in adults is a sobering example of…

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Parents and Pediatricians Giving Healthy Children Melatonin to Help Them Sleep

By Blog, Uncategorized

By: Jenni June Certified Pediatric Sleep Consultant, and Sleep Hygiene Specialist www.jennijune.com/familysleep Many parents today view melatonin as the “magic pill” to help their kids get to sleep. Melatonin is a hormone produced by the brain, but in synthetic pill form is up to 50 times more than their body needs or is designed to take. While attending the Pediatric Sleep Symposium in Toronto for the Sick Kids Hospital this year, I was surprised to hear how many doctors are prescribing this to kids before advising a family to consult with a pediatric sleep hygiene specialist who helps babies and children, even those with ADHD and Autism Spectrum disorders, get better, more restorative sleep at night by adjusting the sleep environment and timing sleep to align with their natural biological sleep rhythms. Creating personalized methods for parents, so they can provide consistent implementation of new, healthier sleep habits is also…

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Tips for the Toddler 2 to 1 nap transition:

By Blog, Kids Sleep Tips, Toddler Sleep Tips, Uncategorized

Look for readyness between ages 14 months and 18 months old. You will know when, over period of 4 weeks, the AM nap and PM nap, or both, start to fall apart, that it is time for transition! Expect your baby to be cranky and extra tired for 3 weeks as you make transition. Their little bodies take time to get used to this change. Drop morning nap and aim for 12:30 to 1PM for their one nap a day. Provide an earlier than usual bedtime while making this transition to prevent child from becoming overtired.

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Tips for helping baby through Daylight Savings Time!

By Blog, Kids Sleep Tips, Toddler Sleep Tips, Uncategorized

If you didn’t prepare baby incrementally in advance for daylight savings time, then it’s likely they are waking an hour earlier than usual in the morning. Here’s what you can do to help them adjust. Adjust their entire feeding and sleep schedule gently forward, 15 minutes a day for 4 consecutive days. Allow your baby to be exposed to a little more light, real or artificial, longer each night before bed, and also a little more darkness each morning upon waking up, within these 4 days. This will help signal the brain to adjust melatonin production. Once you have completed the 4 day schedule adjustment, be patient and allow your child’s body to adjust. Rome wasn’t built in a day! Be consistent and stick to the schedule! It may take 1 to 3 weeks for circadian rhythm to adjust habitually. Younger babies take longer than toddlers.

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